Professional publishing policies


Let’s start with the general principles of responsible publishing, without which you could be at risk of having your text rejected before the potential peer review process. Among the most important by far are the principles related to scientific ethics (prescribed by the Dean’s Measure No. 20/2020; available only in Czech) and the requirements related to the demands on the professionalism of scientific work. In particular, it is necessary to stick to the following: 

  • the originality of published results
  • a high language level of the language in which you are writing the text 
  • clear and concise message of the text 
  • stating of (co-)authors who contributed to the creation of the text or research 
  • indication of sources of grants or other means of possible funding 
  • citing all one’s own and other people’s works, including unpublished sources

To learn more about scientific and ethical principles, follow these comprehensive resources, for example:

  • Partial Ethical Guidelines for Horizon 2020 Projects [PDF, Czech] 
  • Web Guidepost on Ethical Guideline for Research [WWW]

Structure of a scientific article

When structuring a scientific article, you will almost always be able to stick to dividing the text into logical sections listed in the table below. To find out what areas to include in your article and how to name the sections, check the structure of the articles published in the selected periodicals. 

TitleDescribes the content of the article
Authors and affiliationsAuthor’s team
AbstractA brief description of the article of 150-300 words (research problem, methods, results, conclusion) that leads the reviewers to accept the review and the reader to decide whether to continue reading the article
Keywords2-4 thesaurus entries used in the scientific community or entries freely created based on the content of the text (important for database searches)
IntroductionPosing a problem, setting a general research question
MethodsAn explanation of how the research data were obtained with a detailed description of the methods for possible replication of the experiment
ResultsDescription of observed/discovered phenomena
DiscussionSummary of the impact of the results and possible limitations
ConclusionRecapitulation of the main results of the work and its benefits
AcknowledgmentsListing the people and institutions that have intellectually helped with the conduct of the text/research or supported it in other ways
ReferencesCitation of sources on which the author based his work
AppendixPossibility of publishing additional data

Citing sources

A scientific article needs to be supported by high-quality sources. This will also increase your chances of having your paper accepted for review. However, as soon as you come across a topic you want to cover, before writing the text, focus on whether the issue is covered in dissertations, research, professional reviews, or articles from respected periodicals and large publishers that you could use. Without thorough initial research, you may come across sources that accurately summarize what you are about to write, and the writing itself can easily become a frustrating affair. 

All your works, works of other authors, unpublished sources, websites, pictures, graphs, etc., must be properly cited according to the citation style required by the selected periodicals. Gone are the days when citations had to be written with a citation manual in hand. The following services will help you create error-free citations of various types of documents: 

  • The Citace PRO online tool creates complete citations from entered ISBN/ISSN/DOI identifiers. Even if you cannot find the desired publication, it is still one of the most efficient tools for inserting publication metadata and generating citations according to the most used citation standards. In addition, after logging in with a CU account, it will start remembering the generated citations and allow you to install useful add-ons for your browser and MS Word (already available in the regular version).
  • The versatile Zotero desktop manager is helpful in the long-term systematic collection of useful resources. When you can (and if you download an add-on to your browser with the desktop app), Zotero will download the metadata of the requested articles, including full texts, from which you can generate citations. 

Do you need clarification or advice or would you like to arrange a training course on the mentioned topic?